What do you think of when you hear goth? Do you think black, sad, suicidal, emo? These things are commonly accepted as “gothic”. But what is goth? Goth is a culture found in many countries. Goth began in England during the 1400s. It is made up of many features such as style of music, many different fashion statements, and architecture. There was a fascination with death and supernatural elements like ghosts and mythical creatures.
In England the classes were ruled by the feudal system so the king owned all the land and divided it between barons and the church. Poor people had to work the lord’s land and had a hard life. They say up to 1/3 of all peasants died before age 15 (Source). In this era many churches and cathedrals were built and they were very big, detailed, and had stained glass windows and spires.
In England people usually lived in small communities and they had a lord. They lived in a manor, this was made up of the castle, church, village, and farmland. The lord would give his high up servants land grants. The peasants would work on the lord’ manor and were taxed heavily. The living conditions were very poor. They didn’t have good sanitation. People threw dirty water out of their windows and let animal waste wash down the streets.
Medieval architecture had many features. It consisted of stained glass windows, flying buttresses, spires, and arches. There were very many statues on buildings. Those figures often showed sadness or pain which you can relate back to the idea of goth. The poor were often sad and struggling so in a way the poor people and the statues have similarities. Homes were often abandoned looking. There are many gothic features to relate back to medieval England.